Puerta del Sol or Gate of the Sun ~ a megalithic solid stone arch or gateway constructed by the ancient Tiwanaku culture of Bolivia
There are actually many ways to spell the name of this beautiful historical site
~Tiwanaku also known in Spanish as Tiahuanaco or Tiahuanacu
This archaelogical site is Pre Colombian and located in western Bolivia near Lake Titicaca and is about 12,549.2 ft (3,825.0 m) above sea level
Known as one of the largest sites of Archaeology in South America along side Machu Picchu and other sacred grounds located along the Andes Mountain Range
A backpacker can easily get lost in wonders and in the history here along the Andes Mountains. The indigenous had built several sites along the ridge at very specific points… Check below for the link!
While desolate and unoccupied currently…
This site’s population peaked around AD 800 with 10,000 to 20,000 people
Puerta del Sol is approximately 9.8 ft / 3 meters tall and 13 ft / 4 meters wide
This large gateway weighs in at 10 tons and was actually constructed from a single piece of stone!!
Although when rediscovered later in the 19th century. The European explorers who founded it, actually found the megalith lying knocked over on the ground with a large crack through it.
It is presently standing in the location where found, even though many archaeologists have stated they believe that its not the original site
When zooming in we can see many engravings all throughout the stone
Although there have been so many various interpretations of the symbols and inscriptions found on the object, the carvings that decorate the gate are believed to possess astronomical and/or astrological significance
These symbols can be found all throughout Peru and Bolivia and have been believed to have served a calendrical purpose
Facts about the carvings on Puerta del Sol
- Carved with 48 squares surrounding a central figure
- There are 32 effigies with human faces and 16 with condors’ heads
- Each square represents a character in the form of winged effigy
- All look to the central motif: the figure of a man with his head surrounded by 24 linear rays, which may represent rays of the sun
- The styled staffs held by the figure apparently symbolize thunder and lightning
- Some historians and archaeologists believe that the central figure represents the “Sun God” and others have linked it with the Inca god Viracocha.
This is only one part of the entire grounds here so be sure to plan to spend atleast half a day at this location
I included a map of the back of the ticket you will receive when arriving, which shows some of the other points of interest
Cost to Enter ~ 80 Bolivianos
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